A new study by the University of Minnesota and Villanova University investigates the rise in “good jobs” (ie decent wages, access to health benefits, fixed hours and job security) for low-skilled workers in various industries, and is dominated by women , Manufacturing jobs are declining, dominated by men.
The results of a recent study published in the journal “Social Science Research” found that there are trade-offs. For example, there is a trade-off relationship between job safety and higher wages between different jobs. There are obvious gender differences between.
In the result:
- Gender segregation by occupation and industry prevents low- and medium-skilled men and women from equal access to different forms of work quality;
- The health care industry is the largest employer of women without university degrees, with more than 25% of low- and medium-skilled women working in the health care sector;
- Although in male-dominated industries, working-class women are paid lower than men in health care, the health care sector provides better job quality and stability compared with other service sectors;
- When women are able to work in the manufacturing and construction industries, their predicted wages are only slightly higher than those in the health care sector, which indicates that women do not receive the same treatment as men in male-dominated occupations;
- As far as wages are concerned, jobs in the healthcare industry are not “good jobs” for low- and middle-skilled men, but healthcare jobs can provide greater job security and are more likely to provide employer-based health insurance;
- Working class workers may increasingly choose between higher wages available in the manufacturing and construction industries or greater job stability in the health care sector.
In view of the continued decline in the male-dominated blue-collar industry, the healthcare industry may increasingly replace manufacturing and become a stable and reliable source of work for working-class families. However, household income may be affected.
The author of the study, Janette Dill, an associate professor at the School of Public Health, said: “Health care is an emerging working class job.” “Manufacturing jobs are declining, and we need to figure out how we can improve The life and work of medical staff with university degrees. The happiness of working-class families depends on it.”